Mouthwash – What You Need to Know

Tariq Drabu, a leading UK based dentist and specialist oral surgeon has brought to light that a vast majority of adults throughout the world use mouthwash as part of their oral health routine without knowing the advantages and disadvantages of the product.

People using mouthwash on a daily basis are under the false impression that it can be beneficial to their teeth and gums. In addition to brushing twice daily and flossing, they complete the process with a swirl of mouthwash; think it will automatically remove any plaque and bacteria they missed. This isn’t always the case and it’s important to understand mouthwash and identify if you are using the best product to protect your teeth and gums moving forward.

The first thing you need to understand about mouthwash is the advantages. How it can help your oral health and what products are available to help you achieve healthy teeth and gums moving forward.

Mouthwash is not all the same. It is important you discuss your requirements with your dentist and enable them to recommend the best product based on your oral requirements. Dr Tariq Drabu advised that the most effective mouthwash is a home remedy of salt and warm water, which can fight infection and soothe ulcers. Most dentists recommend this mixture after tooth extraction to reduce the risk of infection in the space until the gum completely heals.

Mouthwash does offer some advantages. When looking to reduce the risk of cavities and use the wash as part of your daily routine, it must be a fluoride option. These products come in a choice of different options including therapeutic options, usually recommended by a dentist, fluoride options, antibacterial solutions and alcohol substances. If you want a wash you can use to eliminate bacteria and plaque as part of your oral health routine, then a fluoride option is the best choice.

Anyone suffering from gum disease can use mouthwash to fight infection and help treat the disease. As part of a good oral hygiene routine, you can use an antibacterial mouthwash. Your dentist should recommend the best solution to use to ensure that you help fight the infection rather than make matters worse, according to dentist, Dr Tariq Drabu.

Mouthwash can also be an effective oral hygiene product during pregnancy, helping reduce the risk of periodontal disease, which can leak into the blood stream and affect your unborn baby.

As previously mentioned, there are some dangers to using mouthwash that you need to be aware of, which is why it’s so important to discuss your best solutions with your dental practitioner.

The first thing you need to know when it comes to the dangers of mouthwash is that it can irritate the mouth if you use a wash with a high alcohol level. Another concern is that it can hide bad breath. Often bad breath is a result of an underlying cause. Not knowing you have bad breath can reduce the chances of you visiting your dentist to identify the cause, which can be tooth decay, gum disease or more.

Mouth wash could possibly be a cause for oral cancer. This is still under serious discussion and testing, but professionals are under the impression that a mouthwash high in alcohol can be a serious problem for users. Dr Tariq Drabu also mentioned that a serious concern for dental professionals is the number of patients who are under the false impression that using a high quality fluoride based mouthwash can substitute brushing. This is not the case and if you choose to use a wash, it must be carried out with brushing and flossing to provide the best results.

Understanding Teeth

Dr Tariq Drabu, a leading dentist and specialist oral surgeon in Manchester in the United Kingdom believes that a majority of the population don’t understand their teeth. The thousands of people who suffer with tooth decay, gum disease and oral cancer could improve their oral health if they understood what their teeth comprise of, what teeth they have and what they need to do to keep their teeth in good health moving forward.

Teeth are imperative when it comes to overall health. Being able to chew and grind your food enables you to swallow and ingest it properly. Everyone has two sets of teeth throughout their lives starting with primary teeth and followed later on with permanent teeth, which remain the natural teeth you have throughout your adult years.

The development of the tooth starts before it appears through the gum. Children usually have around twenty primary teeth by the age of three. After losing their primary teeth their permanent teeth start coming through between the ages of six and twelve years of age.

The tooth is made up of two very important components. The crown is the visible part of the tooth that sits above the gum surface, while the root sits below the surface and is responsible for holding the tooth in place by joining the crown to the jaw bone.

Teeth are made up of four components. Enamel is the strong and durable covering of the tooth which is visible to the naked eye. This protective layer is stronger than bone and is designed to protect the tooth. Poor oral hygiene and diet can cause the enamel to wear away, which results in tooth decay in the future.

The dentin under the enamel and while strong, it’s not as strong as enamel. Dentin looks like bone and is prone to tooth decay, according to Dr Tariq Drabu. From here you have the Cementum. The cementum is a tissue that covers the root of the tooth and cements it to the bone. It is a soft tissue and can decay very easily.

The final part of the tooth is the dental pulp. This sits in the centre of the tooth and houses all the nerves and blood vessels. When you experience tooth ache, it is often the dental pulp that has become inflamed causing the nerves to spark unwelcome pain.

Knowing the different elements of a tooth, when decay starts it usually starts by working its way through the enamel and dentin reaching the pulp. In order to avoid this from happening, you need to brush for two minutes twice daily with fluoride toothpaste. It is also important to floss daily, removing any debris and plaque from harder to reach places that your toothbrush couldn’t access.

Everyone has five different teeth in their mouths, each one has a different purpose and can help you chew and grind your food with ease.

The first are the incisors. These are four teeth at the top and four at the bottom that sit in the front of the mouth. These are the teeth you see when you smile. These teeth are important to help you bite. Biting into an apple or carrot will be done with the incisors.

The canines are the sharp teeth and are also important for biting; while the premolars are designed to help you chew and grind your foot. There are four on either side of the mouth.

In addition to this, you will have molars which are also responsible for the chewing and grinding of the food, making it easier to swallow. The final teeth are wisdom teeth, often called third molars. In most instances these are removed to make space for the other teeth and don’t hold any important value.

Suffer from Bad Breath? What Foods Should You Be Eating?

Thousands of people suffer with bad breath each and every day. The reason for bad breath varies from person to person. You may have had garlic or onion in your last meal; you may be suffering with gum disease or tooth infection. Bad breath can have an impact on your life; it can cause lack of self-consciousness and esteem and make you very wary when speaking to people.

There are a number of foods you can incorporate into your diet to help you hide bad breath for a short period, just enough time to get home and grab your toothbrush. If you are suffering with tooth decay or gum disease, then you can mask the bad breath long enough until you can seek the attention of your dental professional.

Dr Tariq Drabu, a leading dentist and specialist oral surgeon in Manchester in the United Kingdom has advised that green tea is a great option when trying to hide unwelcome breath. Green tea is a powerful antioxidant that can fight bacteria. In many instances bad bacteria are the cause of the bad breath you are experiencing. A cup of green tea can hide the smell and make you feel better about yourself, while helping you with your overall health.

Another option to hide bad breath, according to Dr Tariq Drabu, is yoghurt. A cup of yoghurt is brimming with live active bacteria which can reduce bad breath. Not to mention that it is filled with probiotics, which hide odours and your teeth can also benefit from the calcium in the yoghurt, promoting healthy and strong teeth.

Many people chew on a sprig of parsley. Parsley has oils that have a very positive impact on bad breath. In fact there are a wide number of spices and herbs you can take advantage of to hide your breath; reducing the odour and making you feel better about yourself.

Apples are an absolute must if you want to hide your bad breath. Dr Tariq Drabu has advised that apples cause you to chewing. In turn, chewing causes a production of saliva, which is alkaline and can help eliminate smelly breath.

Then there are carrots. Chewing the carrots raw can also produce more saliva, which washes away bad breath by increasing saliva production within the mouth. Dr Tariq Drabu also encourages patients to drink plenty of water. Water helps rinse the mouth, but is also fantastic for flushing toxins from the body and reducing the risk of dehydration. You should drink at least eight glasses of water each day to improve your overall health and oral health.

Keep a pack of sugar free chewing gum in your bag and grab for that after lunch. Sugar free chewing gum won’t only provide a pleasant odour and eliminate bad breath, but recent studies have revealed that it can also help remove plaque until you brush again.

Remember that you need to brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste. Brushing should be done for two minutes each time to remove plaque, which is home to harmful bacteria that can cause tooth decay and gum disease. Pay close attention to your teeth as you brush, ensuring you access front and back of the teeth.

Another important element to reducing bad breath is to floss with brushing. Flossing your teeth helps you eliminate any plaque or food scraps that your toothbrush couldn’t access. Flossing promotes healthy teeth and gums and reduces the risk of gum disease in the future.

Dr Tariq Drabu also mentioned that anyone who has unexplained bad breath should visit their dentist to identify if there is an underlying cause that can be treated to remove bad breath moving forward.

How Oral Hygiene and Overall Health Go Hand in Hand

According to leading dentist and specialist oral surgeon, Dr Tariq Drabu, a large number of people around the world don’t realise there is a link between oral hygiene and overall health. In fact poor oral health can lead to a number of unwelcome health issues from stroke to heart disease. Improving oral health can have a positive impact on the overall wellbeing of a person, reducing the risk of contracting an illness or disease.

Those that ignore their oral health and don’t take steps to care for their teeth and gums can find that in addition to tooth decay, gum disease and bad breath, they also are at a high risk of mouth cancer, stroke, bacterial pneumonia and heart attack.

One the biggest problems facing dentistry today is the intake of sugar, according to Dr Tariq Drabu. Sugar is responsible for a high number of tooth decay cases and can also have an impact on the increased risk of gum disease. Ignoring a problematic tooth can result in gum disease, which has a host of negative effects. In addition to this, sugar intake can also lead to obesity, which increases the risk of diabetes. The number of diabetes cases is increasing throughout the world each year, which in turn increase the risk of heart attack.

What many people don’t realise, according to Dr Tariq Drabu, is that patients with uncontrolled blood sugar levels are at a higher risk of infection, which makes gum disease even more prominent. Managing sugar intake and maintaining good oral health can help reduce the risk of obesity and gum disease moving forward.

Smoking has a serious impact on overall health, but has been a problem for dentists for years. Smoking increases the risk of periodontal disease, tooth decay and mouth cancer. Periodontal disease is a severe form of gum disease, which left untreated, can result in tooth loss. The risk of mouth cancer is significantly increased in patients that smoke, this form of cancer is also increasing annually with more than six thousand seven hundred new cases being reported in the United Kingdom each year.

Excessive alcohol consumption has a negative effect on overall well-being and oral health. In fact excessive alcohol consumption can cause dry mouth, which in turn increases the risk of tooth decay. With tooth decay comes the increased risk of gum disease and alcohol has also been a leading cause for mouth cancer. In addition to this, it also increases the risk of liver disease, diabetes and so much more.

For those who take regular prescription medications, you may find that your oral health is affected. Certain antibiotics can lead to staining of the teeth, while some medications can cause the mouth to dry, which results in tooth decay and gum disease.

Dr Tariq Drabu recommends patients take steps to ensure that they take care of their overall health, teeth and gums to reduce the risk of disease and illness in the future. An important step to ensuring you are taking care of your teeth and gums is to attend your regular dental appointments. Dental appointments are set six to twelve months apart, depending on your dental health. Attending these appointments enables the dentist to identify problems early on and ensure they are treated quickly and effectively.

Enjoying a health and well-balanced diet with limited sugar can improve your oral health and overall well-being. A good diet where you maintain a healthy weight can reduce the risk of obesity, diabetes, and tooth decay and gum disease. Patients who find that their weight fluctuates may find that their dentures don’t fit properly, which is why it’s so important a healthy weight is maintained if you have dentures.

Causes of Tooth Sensitivity

Tooth sensitivity can be frustrating. The problem is that over time our teeth wear, there are certain lifestyle factors that can speed up the process, leaving patients in complete agony and seeking urgent dental assistance.

There are certain factors which can increase tooth sensitivity. Eliminating these and getting dental assistance when you feel pain are important to reducing the risk of further complications, such as gum disease, root canal treatments and tooth extractions.


I have found a number of my patients experience tooth sensitivity due to their tooth brushing techniques. Some patients are so desperate to clean their teeth properly that they brush too hard. This results in them wearing down the protective layers on the teeth, exposing the nerves and resulting in sensitivity. You don’t have to brush hard for your brushing to be effective. Fluoride toothpaste and brushing twice daily to remove plaque is all that is needed to improve your oral health.

Acidic Foods

Foods that are high in acid can impact your oral health. Those that tend to eat a high acid diet will find that they suffer with tooth sensitivity more than those that eliminate or reduce the amount of acid foods they eat. Acid eats away at the tooth and over time can lead to unwelcome tooth sensitivity.

Gum Disease

Thousands of people throughout the United Kingdom have gum disease and aren’t aware of it. Gum disease is inflamed gums which can lead to serious periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is when the gum pulls away from the tooth to form pockets, which are breeding grounds for dangerous bacteria. Over time the bacteria eat away at the tooth supporting structures, getting into the nerves. If left untreated, periodontal disease can result in tooth loss.

Tooth Decay

There are a number of lifestyle factors that can lead to tooth decay from an unhealthy diet to smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. Tooth decay can cause serious tooth sensitivity as the tooth wears away around fillings and makes holes in the tooth, which increases sensitivity to hot and cold.

Tooth Whitening Toothpaste

Everyone wants that white Hollywood smile and many of my patients have chosen tooth whitening toothpaste as part of their oral health routine. It is imperative that any toothpaste used is fluoride toothpaste. Some tooth whitening toothpaste manufacturers include tooth whitening medications into their pastes, which can cause gum and tooth sensitivity. This is why tooth whitening should only be carried out by a dental professional.

Review us on Yelp :

Tips to Finding a Good Private Dentist in the UK

The United Kingdom offers dental patients two choices. They can take advantage of the National Health Service by visiting a NHS dentist or they can opt to visit a private dentist.

There is a distinct difference between the two, according to leading dentist and specialist oral surgeon Tariq Drabu. NHS dentists provide basic and urgent treatment; this can be anything from filling or pulling a tooth to providing a bridge or dentures. A private dentist provides basic dental care along with cosmetic dentistry, which includes veneers, tooth whitening and more.

There are also different pay structures you need to be aware of. The NHS dentistry is easy to understand with three band charges applicable based on the treatment you need. With a private dentist, the dentist practice sets their own prices based on the treatment needed.

Another difference is that there aren’t enough NHS dentists in the United Kingdom, even those taking on new patients will have a long waiting list for an appointment and sometimes getting an urgent appointment can be quite a daunting experience. Private dentists don’t have those long waiting lists and can often accommodate a new patient within a few days, depending on the treatment they require.

Dr Tariq Drabu did advise that all private dentists are fully qualified dental practitioners for general and cosmetic dentistry. Some are also oral surgeons, enabling them to do dental surgeries, such as dental implants and other essential treatments.

There are a number of factors you need to take into consideration when looking for a private dentist in the United Kingdom. Many of the NHS dental surgeries also offer private treatments, so if you’re already a patient at one of the many surgeries, it’s worthwhile finding out it they will perform the treatment you are looking for, whether you want to have your teeth a few shades lighter, you want veneers to fix that crooked tooth or you want implants.

If your dental surgery is NHS only, then the best place to start your search is online. Start by searching for dental surgeries in your local area, you will find a high volume are actually private and don’t accept NHS patients. Do some research to learn as much about the practice as you can. Read through the online reviews and go through their website with a fine tooth comb before contacting them.

The main reason you will want to contact them is to identify their waiting list and also their prices. With private dentists they base the price per treatment, so whether you need to have a white filling for a hole in your tooth or you want dental implants, you should be able to get a price quickly. Bear in mind that not all practices charge the same price, so it may be worthwhile phoning around a few surgeries to get an idea of price in your local area.

Always check how the dentist accepts payment, Tariq Drabu recommends. Some dentists require payment up front for treatments, while others will accept payment once the treatment is completed. All should accept cash or card, some may even accept cheque payments.

It is also important when choosing a private dentist that you choose a surgery which is ideally located and is welcoming. You want to feel comfortable and welcome the minute you step through the door. The team should be understanding and ensure you are calm and relaxed before any treatment begins. In addition to this, Dr Tariq Drabu advised that all dentists need to discuss the treatment plan in detail and provide you with an itemized billing, so you know exactly what you are paying for.

About Dr Tariq Drabu

Dr Tariq Drabu is a leading dentist and specialist oral surgeon. This Manchester born and educated dentist was one of the youngest dentists to graduate in the United Kingdom. He has worked at some of the busiest hospitals in the UK and Saudi Arabia and completed his Fellowship in Dental Surgery from the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh. He is the owner of the very successful Langley Dental Practice and is also the Clinical Lead Dentist for the Oral Surgery Clinical Assessment and Treatment Services at NHS Heywood Middleton and Rochdale. Tariq Drabu also teaches and mentors postgraduate dentists in oral surgery at the UCLAN Dental Clinic in Preston.

Tariq Drabu on Tooth Decay in Children in the United Kingdom

The number of younger children with tooth decay has become a serious concern throughout the United Kingdom. Approximately five hundred children are being hospitalized for tooth extractions each and every week in the United Kingdom.

The United Kingdom has such a high number of children suffering with tooth decay, but what many parents aren’t aware is that in addition to their teeth being damaged and causing unnecessary pain, new research has revealed that tooth decay in younger children can also slow growth.

With more than a quarter of the five year olds in the United Kingdom having tooth decay, I think it’s imperative that as dentists we take the time to educate parents, ensuring that they bring their children for routine dental appointments and adopt a good oral health routine at home, eliminating the risk of tooth decay in the future.

The number of children with tooth decay in the United Kingdom has increased by more than fourteen per cent in the past five years. A large portion of these cases is due to high sugar intake and fizzy drinks. Another thing that I find parents don’t realise is that a large number of fruit juices sold on the market today are overflowing with sugar, which increases the risk of tooth decay.

I believe that by educating parents and children the number of tooth decay cases in children under the age of sixteen can be reduced dramatically. Incorporating a healthy and well-balanced diet that is very limited in sugars can already make a difference. The fact is that most parents aren’t even aware of what their children are eating at school, so packing a healthy lunch can also be a way to eliminate sugars and improve the oral health in children throughout the country.

Taking oral health to the schools is another way to reduce the number of children suffering with tooth decay. This has already been introduced in certain areas and I think it’s a fantastic opportunity to teach the children the right oral health routine from a very early age. A routine they can use throughout their lives to keep their teeth and gums in good and healthy condition.

Parents need to also be aware that children need to start visiting their dentist from the minute their first tooth pushes through. Not many parents are aware how important this is, but the right oral health from that very first tooth can ensure good oral health moving forward.

For more Dental Tips Follow my Blog.

Tariq Drabu Dentist Welcomes Latest GDC Tooth Whitening Prosecution

On 30 September 2013 Elaine Taylor-Valles, a beautician pleaded guilty at Preston Crown Court to the offence of unlawfully practising dentistry, namely tooth whitening contrary to sections 38 (1) and (2) of the Dentists Act 1984 and unlawfully carrying on the business of dentistry contrary to sections 41(1) and (1B) of the Dentists Act 1984.

She is the first person to be successfully prosecuted by the UK’s dental regulator, the General Dental Council (GDC), since the High Court upheld the view that tooth whitening is the practise of dentistry and should only be carried out by dentists, dental hygienists and dental therapists, working on prescription from a dentist.

Her case was brought to court by a patient who complained about the results of her tooth whitening.

I have said it before and I will repeat it again – why take chances with your health – have your teeth professionally whitened within a dental environment not by an unqualified unlicensed person.

Here at Langley Dental Practice we start our whitening prices from only £199 and that includes a consultation with a UK trained and qualified dentist – somebody who will always put your dental health and well being as their priority.

Call us on 01616432428 for more details. For more insight from myself, Tariq Drabu Dentist, be sure to follow me on Twitter @TariqJDrabu

Tariq Drabu On The NHS Failings

In April this year the government published the results from an NHS ‘Friends and Family Test’ which gave over 400,000 patients the opportunity to rate their hospital by providing feedback on whether or not they would recommend the hospital to a friend or family member.

However, the government’s flagship test has come under scrutiny after critics of the test have branded it ‘meaningless’ for a variety of reasons.

Sky News found that although Chase Farm Hospital, North London, was given a negative overall score on the test, the majority of people would have recommended it. When investigated further it was found that the reason behind this was due to votes only being counted as positive if the patient had stated they would “strongly agree” when asked if they would recommend the hospital. Votes where people had stated they would “agree” to recommend the hospital but “not strongly” were counted as neutral votes and therefore don’t count towards the positive rating.

Furthermore, it was found that in some cases wards were given negative ratings when only one patient had responded, meaning the test didn’t show a fair representation of the hospital overall. People have also criticised the test as it doesn’t state the reasons why patients are likely or unlikely to recommend a hospital, meaning their reasons for not recommending it could be due to a lack of car parking spaces, rather than poor care being given.

Although the tests don’t show exactly where the problems lie within the hospitals, the people behind the survey have said that getting figures every month will improve standards. Dr Tim Kelsey of the NHS Commissioning Board stated “This is how we’re going to drive an improvement in healthcare; it’s by listening to the patient on the ward and in the A&E department so that doctors and nurses on the front line can really focus on improvements in care”.

Despite criticisms, studies that look at patient care have previously revealed severe problems in certain NHS hospitals. Back in February a report regarding the care provided by Mid Staffordshire NHS Foundation Trust was published, which showed that patients were often neglected due to the Trust being preoccupied with cost cutting, targets and processes, which subsequently saw the Trust lose sight of its fundamental responsibility to provide safe care. The report, known as the Francis Report, also revealed a culture of failed management where poor medical practice was ignored and patient complaints were either dismissed or overlooked.

These findings were particular disturbing for me, Dr Tariq Drabu Dentist, to hear as I have formerly worked at Stafford Hospital in the oral surgery department back in 1987. I found the staff to be wonderful and very supportive, which is why I am devastated to hear that the high standards that I once witnessed have not  been maintained. I fundamentally believe in the ethos and values of the NHS and I am proud to be an NHS dentist in an area of high social deprivation and high needs. It is the high quality that myself and my staff have given patients over the last 15 years that has given my practice such a good reputation. As we are all registered with the GDC, The General Dental Council, we are committed to putting our patients’ needs first and offering quality, superb care. Because we are so dedicated to our patients we find it even more shocking that some members of the NHS at Stafford Hospital don’t share the same values that we do here at Langley Dental Group.

As the team leader, senior dentist and director of Langley Dental Group I always encourage an open and honest culture not just to my patients but also to my staff, where they should feel that they are always able to come forward without any fear of being judged, ignored or overlooked. Although there are currently doubts about the accuracy of the NHS Family and Friends Test, hopefully the results will eventually show us where the main problems in the NHS lie, in order for hospitals to be able to review the care they are offering patients and ultimately offer an outstanding, professional service, like the one here at Langley Dental Practice.

To keep up with all my latest news, be sure to follow me on twitter @TariqJDrabu

Dentist Tariq Drabu Talks About Recent GDC Standards Change

In June the GDC (General Dental Council) approved new standards for the Dental Team, which will replace the current Standards Guidance and accompanying statements. The new guidelines will come in to effect in September; however, the Scope of Practice isn’t included in these changes.

These standards aren’t just for the dentists, but for all members of the dental team, including dental nurses, dental hygienists, dental therapists, orthodontic therapists and dental technicians.

We are all registered with the GDC here at the Langley Dental Practice and fully support these new standards.There are nine principles that registered dental professionals must keep to at all times. Principles state what members of the dental team must do, as well as information being provided for extra things they could do to make the patients experience even better.

1.      Put patients’ interests first: Members of the dental team must listen to their patients, be honest with them and treat them with dignity and respect at all times. They must also treat patients in a hygienic and safe environment, putting a patient’s interests before their own or their colleagues.

2.      Communicate effectively with patients: Members of the dental team must recognise and promote a patient’s rights, as well as giving them the information they need in a way they can understand, in order for them to make informed decisions. The dental team are also responsible for giving patients clear information about costs.

3.      Obtain valid consent: Members of the dental team must have valid consent before starting a patient’s treatment, whilst also making sure the patient understands the decisions they are being asked to make. They also have the duty to make sure that patients consent remains valid throughout each stage of the treatment.

4.      Maintain and protect patients’ information: Members of the dental team must keep accurate and up to date records, whilst making sure they protect the confidentiality of the patient. They must also offer the patient access to the information they hold about them and only release information to third parties without the patient’s consent in exceptional circumstances.

5.      Have a clear and effective complaints procedure: Members of the dental team must respect a patient’s right to complaint, making sure there is an effective complaints procedure readily available for patients to use. They must also provide patients with a prompt and constructive response when a complaint has been made.

6.      Work with colleagues in a way that is in patients’ best interests: Work effectively with your colleagues, contribute to good teamwork, as well as communicating clearly and effectively with team members and colleagues at all times.

7.      Maintain, develop and work within your professional knowledge and skills: Provide good quality care, whilst working within your knowledge skills, professional competence and abilities.


8.      Raise concerns if patients are at risk: Always put a patient’s safety first and act promptly if a patient or colleague is at risk, taking necessary measures to protect them.

9.      Make sure your personal behaviour maintains patients’ confidence in you and the dental profession: Protect patients and colleagues from risks posed by your health, conduct or performance and inform the GDC if you are subject to any criminal proceedings.

These principles are not listed in order of priority, as they are all equally as important and failure to follow them may result in a member of the dental team being removed from the GDC’s register. For more information on these principles visit the GDC’s official website: