Dr Tariq Drabu, a leading dentist and specialist oral surgeon in Manchester in the United Kingdom believes that a majority of the population don’t understand their teeth. The thousands of people who suffer with tooth decay, gum disease and oral cancer could improve their oral health if they understood what their teeth comprise of, what teeth they have and what they need to do to keep their teeth in good health moving forward.
Teeth are imperative when it comes to overall health. Being able to chew and grind your food enables you to swallow and ingest it properly. Everyone has two sets of teeth throughout their lives starting with primary teeth and followed later on with permanent teeth, which remain the natural teeth you have throughout your adult years.
The development of the tooth starts before it appears through the gum. Children usually have around twenty primary teeth by the age of three. After losing their primary teeth their permanent teeth start coming through between the ages of six and twelve years of age.
The tooth is made up of two very important components. The crown is the visible part of the tooth that sits above the gum surface, while the root sits below the surface and is responsible for holding the tooth in place by joining the crown to the jaw bone.
Teeth are made up of four components. Enamel is the strong and durable covering of the tooth which is visible to the naked eye. This protective layer is stronger than bone and is designed to protect the tooth. Poor oral hygiene and diet can cause the enamel to wear away, which results in tooth decay in the future.
The dentin under the enamel and while strong, it’s not as strong as enamel. Dentin looks like bone and is prone to tooth decay, according to Dr Tariq Drabu. From here you have the Cementum. The cementum is a tissue that covers the root of the tooth and cements it to the bone. It is a soft tissue and can decay very easily.
The final part of the tooth is the dental pulp. This sits in the centre of the tooth and houses all the nerves and blood vessels. When you experience tooth ache, it is often the dental pulp that has become inflamed causing the nerves to spark unwelcome pain.
Knowing the different elements of a tooth, when decay starts it usually starts by working its way through the enamel and dentin reaching the pulp. In order to avoid this from happening, you need to brush for two minutes twice daily with fluoride toothpaste. It is also important to floss daily, removing any debris and plaque from harder to reach places that your toothbrush couldn’t access.
Everyone has five different teeth in their mouths, each one has a different purpose and can help you chew and grind your food with ease.
The first are the incisors. These are four teeth at the top and four at the bottom that sit in the front of the mouth. These are the teeth you see when you smile. These teeth are important to help you bite. Biting into an apple or carrot will be done with the incisors.
The canines are the sharp teeth and are also important for biting; while the premolars are designed to help you chew and grind your foot. There are four on either side of the mouth.
In addition to this, you will have molars which are also responsible for the chewing and grinding of the food, making it easier to swallow. The final teeth are wisdom teeth, often called third molars. In most instances these are removed to make space for the other teeth and don’t hold any important value.